The History Of World Wide Web
World Wide Web WWW
WWW-World Wide Web is that part of internet that contains textual documents, linked texts, graphics or images, audio and video files.
World Wide Web is an information space where documents, images, video, audio and other web resources are identified by URL(Uniform Resource Locator) that can be accessed by internet.
In 1989, Tim Berner-Lee worked in a particle physics lab named CERN, While there, he found that there was a need to share large amounts of documents.
Because of the text at the time, researchers were already using markup languages so that they can write documents using a text-only format that can be quickly shared with other labs.
Linking Documents in World Wide Web
One of the things that Tim Berner-Lee focused on with his early proposals for HTML was the ability to reference other documents or text within a document. Using these references, readers can quickly access the other document to continue their reading.
This was very useful in the academic space where researchers can keep “mining” deeper into related research documents and discover information that may have been difficult to access using older methodologies.
He went on to refer to the text and this design as hypertext and hypermedia respectively.
World Wide Web Created Tools
A set of tools like HTML(Hyper Text Markup Language), a browser and other utilities that establish communications were created.
The first web browser was called World Wide Web and was developed by Sir Tim Berner-Lee and was later renamed Nexus. In 1993, Marc Lowell Andreessen developed Mosaic(later called Netscape).
Major web browsers
- Internet Explorer
- Mozilla Firefox
- Tor Browser
The internet was first introduced into Nigeria in the year 1995, a project by RINAF(Regional Informatics Network For Africa) brought the reality of internet in Nigeria.
It was backed up financially by UNESCO. Several workshops were held in order to educate the Nigeria populace.
The first workshop was conducted in Obafemi Awolowo University in 1995. By the late 1990’s the “internet” became a known term among the citizens of Nigeria.
Benefit of WWW
- Availability of information
- Facilitates rapid and interactive communication
- It is accessible from anywhere in world
- Facilitates the exchange of large volume of data